A Step By Step Guide To Cleaning Your Handgun


Cleaning a gun is perhaps one of the most important things that a gun owner must do. It not only increases the longevity but also improves the accuracy and precision of the gun.

Getting started

Find your owner’s manual. In case you don’t have one, check it online. Go through it and find out each and every step to assemble and disassemble your gun.

Cleaning kit

Shop for the best gun cleaning kit from your local sports goods store, or you can assemble the entire kit on your own too. Some of the things that come under cleaning kit are cleaning solvent, lubricant (gun oil), cleaning rod, bore brush, patch holder, nylon cleaning brush, flashlight, cotton swab, and microfiber cloth.

Unload the gun3

It is important that you unload your weapon correctly. Before cleaning it, be 100 percent confident that the gun is unloaded. Remember, even after removing the magazine there might be round ready to fire, so check that.

Look through the barrel, if there is no bullet then only go ahead in the cleaning process.

Disassemble your gun

Open the parts to an extent that your manufacturer recommends. Check the instructions and then start removing the parts one by one. Thus, you can clean each part individually.

Cleaning the barrel

Pour some gun cleaner on a cleaning patch. Insert it through the cleaning rod like you would thread a needle. Then put the rod in the barrel and pull it put through the chamber and bore. Do not bottle brush.

Take out the patch and put a brass bore brush. Scrub it. If the bore is filthy, bore five to six times. Then wipe the barrel from the outside with a rag dipped in the best gun cleaning solvent you have. Dry the bore by wiping it with another dry cloth.

Hold the slide vertically and use a nylon brush to dust the face of the breech, the extractor and the area around it. Wipe with a solvent and then with a dry patch.

Then go on to clean the receiver. Using a nylon toothbrush, dust off the carbon deposits on the metal contact points. Remove any unburned gun powder and debris that might have gotten stuck in the receiver. Then clean the locking lock, the trigger, the connector and the ejector.

Now it is time to check the barrel for any deposit of dirt, and see that there are no bulges, cracks or obstructions. Do the firing pin and firing pin safety. Clean each part using gun cleaning solvent and then wiping off the extra wetness with a dry cloth.

Lubricating the gun

Let us start from the slide. Hold it in such a way that the muzzle is facing downwards. Pour one drop of lubricant through each slide rail cut.

Moving on to the barrel, wipe the outer area with patches dipped in oil. Then put a drop of oil from the rear end of the barrel lug and another drop from the front end of it.

Then take the receiver in your hand and put the left face down. On the curved extension of the connector, put a drop of oil.

Check all the parts for lubrication. Reassemble them. For Glock, simply do the steps in reverse order.

Now it is time to test the gun. First, make sure it is unloaded. Keep the muzzle pointing in a harmless direction. Then verify that the slide moves smoothly and that there are no obstructions.

Check the trigger. Point it in a safe direction and press the trigger. Now it is time to ensure that the pistol is clean from outside. Lastly, put an empty magazine to see if it works fine. And that’s how it is done!

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